Back to article: Plant and fungal products that extend lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans

FIGURE 2: Aging-related pathways modulated by plant and fungal molecules in C. elegans. Plant and fungal molecules extend nematode lifespan by inducing the formation of ROS, by activating AAK-2/AMPK, or by inhibiting the insulin or TOR pathway. General cellular pathways are shown here, but variations may occur between cells of different tissues. Human protein homologs are given in green. Abbreviations: AGE-1, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase age 1; AMP, adenosine monophosphate; ATP, adenosine triphosphate; AAK-2, 5' adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha 2; AMPK, 5' adenosine-monophosphate-activated protein kinase; CAT, catalase; DAF, abnormal dauer formation protein; FOX, forkhead box; HLH-30, basic helix-loop-helix protein 30; HSF-1, heat-shock factor 1; HSPs, heat-shock proteins; IGF-1, insulin-like growth factor 1; IGF-1R, insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor; IR, insulin receptor; JNK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase; mTOR, mammalian target of rapamycin; Nrf, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor; PDK-1, 3' phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1; PHA-4, defective pharyngeal development protein 4; PI3K, phosphoinositide 3-kinase; ROS, reactive oxygen species; SGK-1, serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase-1; Sir-2.1, sirtuin 2.1; SIRT-1, sirtuin 1; SKN-1, skinhead 1; SOD, superoxide dismutase; TFEB, HLH transcription factor EB; TOR, target of rapamycin.

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. Please refer to our "privacy statement" and our "terms of use" for further information.